1.2 Model Sensitivities
Transportation Investments & Policies NERPM-AB system is designed to be sensitive to a wide variety of transportation investments and policies. The model system incorporates representations of roadway and transit networks that can be easily configured to represent changes in network capacity or service provision. Detailed pathtype alternatives such as roadway toll and no-toll paths and transit submodes are explicitly represented in the model system. In addition, the model incorporates distributed values-of-time across the population, dependent of travel purpose, income and other factors, providing a more realistic representation of travelers’ willingness-to-pay. The model system’s explicit representation of each individual’s entire daily activity pattern also provides the opportunity to better represent the impacts of travel demand management scenarios.
It should be pointed out that in the NERPM-AB, the tolling capabilities are not activated. Therefore, there currently is no additional cost associated with the use of the managed lanes nor with any of the planned toll facilities. As additional data and funding sources become available, a tolling mechanism will be developed that is sensitive to the characteristics of the travel behavior in northeast Florida.
One of the distinguishing features of the NERPM-AB is the use of microzones as the basic spatial unit for generating travel demand. Use of this fine-grained geography, in conjunction with “all streets” based network impedances, provides the model with an enhanced ability to represent detailed urban form and land use characteristics that are particularly important when considering non-motorized travel such as walking and bicycling. In addition, the model predicts demand for seven different activity types using detailed land use information such employment by nine industrial sectors and enrollment by school type.
Socioeconomics & Demographics
NERPM-AB uses a “synthetic population” to predict individual and household level travel choices. The synthetic population is comprised of lists of households and persons that are based on observed or forecasted distributions of socioeconomic attributes and are typically created by sampling detailed Census microdata. These lists function as the basis for all subsequent choice making simulated in the activity-based model. Use of a disaggregate representation of the population reduces aggregation bias in the model system, and allows the model to more realistically incorporate the influence of socioeconomic and demographic information on individual and household travel choices.